- Specialists from the sperm bank first examine all willing donors for the absence of infectious diseases. Immediately after receiving the sperm, it is frozen and then stored for 6 months, after which it will be re-examined.
- Donors are chosen based on the main characteristics that will remain in his completed questionnaire: his height, weight, eye and hair color, blood group and ethnicity. The rest of the donor’s information will not be available to the patients of the fertility clinic, as the identity of the donor must be kept incognito, which is prescribed by law.
- The frozen sperm, which has already been checked for all possible diseases and abnormalities, is sent to the fertility clinic for later use.
- The patient at the clinic is injected with donor sperm on the day of ovulation using a special catheter. It is a painless and safe procedure. Success depends directly on the quality of a woman’s reproductive health and her age.
HOW THE QUALITY OF EMBRYOS IS ASSESSED
At this point, reproductive clinics have not yet created a unified system for evaluating embryo quality. In general, the number of cells at each stage of development is taken into account, since the volume must develop evenly. The thickness of the shells and the degree of orderliness of the individual cells are also taken into account.
Success also depends on the quality of the clinic, the health level of the woman, her age and many other factors.
Surrogacy is one way to treat infertility. It is used for those women who, for whatever reason, cannot bear or give birth to a child on their own. It could be due to the absence of uterus, serious diseases of reproductive system, or other factors, in which pregnancy and childbirth can be risky for the woman or her health. Additionally, surrogacy is recommended for women who have undergone multiple IVF cycles, which were unsuccessful or ended in miscarriage.
In the case of surrogacy, the egg of the woman who wants to have a child is used. This egg is fertilized with her partner’s sperm, or sperm from a donor bank. This egg is placed in the body of the woman who will carry the child instead of the patient of the fertility clinic. And the couple whose donor materials were used for conception is considered by law to be the child’s parents.
Surrogacy was and remains one of the most complicated and expensive procedures of reproductive clinics. Nevertheless, it remains indispensable, as it gives many women the chance to have a native child that they would otherwise never have. This suggests that there are virtually no cases of insurmountable infertility, which gives many couples hope for a full and happy family.